Socrates was teaching his followers to think for themselves. The government and people may have seen this as a threat. They believed that the youth may the try to break away from the norms that were set up, which would have lead to havoc. Socrates, however, was not trying to make the youth go against the laws. In fact, Socrates told his followers that they should live by the laws because the laws were needed.
As in the Crito, Socrates mentions that to go against the laws would be the wrong thing to do. The society of Athens, made laws for the people to follow. These laws were made to keep order. Socrates understood and respected that the laws were needed, to keep the society from going into chaos.
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- Is Socrates Guilty As Charged?, Essays on Philosophy?
Socrates believed that everyone should care fro their soul, search for truth, and that excellence was knowledge. Socrates said that there was an absolute truth and that we should all search for it. Within this truth was knowledge and wisdom. To go against the laws was wrong to do and doing it you would be hurting your soul.
Your soul, according to Socrates, the most valuable thing you possess. Therefore, should try to care for and protect it. From the public's point of view, Socrates may have been guilty, but in truth he was not. The second charge that Socrates believed in different gods, was partly true. Socrates however, most likely also believed in the 'original gods' as well.
In many of the dialogues between Socrates and other people, Socrates mentions the Divine Spirits which were the children of gods.
Yet, he also mentions the gods and goddesses. In the Apology, Socrates told Meletus, in order to believe in the children one must believe in the parents. So Socrates did believe in both, but he swayed more in the direction of the Divine Spirits.
Socrates was known to believe in the Oracle of Delphi, as did many Athenians. This system was called the Socratic Method, in which Socrates would ask a question, propose an idea, and then ask more questions. Four accusations about Socrates are that he commits injustice and is a busybody; he investigates things in the heavens and beneath the earth; he does not acknowledge the gods; he makes the weaker argument the stronger; he teaches this to others; he corrupts the young Plato, Apology, 18cb, pg While he is guilty of the first, second, fifth and sixth accusations, he is innocent of the third and the fourth.
That Socrates is guilty by his own standards of being a busybody, or meddler, is. Is Socrates Innocent or Guilty? Essay Words 6 Pages. Living in a democracy, everyone is exposed through television and other various forms of media everyday to numerous trials by jury.
Usually they are rarely given a second thought, but every once in a while along comes a specific trial which captures the attention of the entire country. This goes the same for trials throughout centuries in our past. Although they did not have the same forms of media as in this, modern era, there were still specific trials in which everyone knew about.
Is Socrates Guilty As Charged?
One trial that stands out is the one against the great philosopher Socrates. Accused of corrupting the youth, being an atheist, and believing in other gods, Socrates faced trial by jury. The early forms of democracy …show more content…. No one had previously imagined that Socrates would be put to death.
Socrates was a man who spent most of his time talking to people.
The civic drama of Socrates trial | Aeon Essays
He would ask them hypothetical questions, and make them think for themselves about the true answer they believed in, by serving as a guide for the conversation. Many people, including the accusers, believed that while Socrates did this, he was serving as a Sophist. A Sophist is a person who talks to people, and teaches them how to argue a point, whether the point is right or wrong.
A Sophist would collect money for this lesson, and go on with their teachings Xenophon This accusation is inaccurate because Socrates did not collect any money for his conversations with people. Instead, Socrates was a very poor man, who happened to have rich friends. However, upon further inspection of the readings, it is clear that it was actually Meletus who was guilty of corrupting the youth and placed the blame upon Socrates.
In 25 C of the Apology, Socrates points out his lack of care. Emlyn-Jones had been following the scholarly debate regarding why Socrates was really on trial. Socrates saw the value of educating the youth. Instead of having an effortless escape, Socrates accepted his fate of death with ease. One of the most major components of any society is….
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Essays Essays FlashCards. Browse Essays. Show More. Imperialism would have benefited Athens by bringing in monetary wealth and creating jobs for its citizens in institutions such as the navy and government. A third argument in favor of Socrates' punishment was his close association with three Athenians who proved to be iniquitous in the year following Athens' loss to Sparta in the Peloponnesian War.
Following Athens' defeat in B. E, the city was surrendered to Lysander who pressed for a Commission of Thirty to be appointed for the purpose of drawing up legislation for the future government of Athens. Later the Thirty Tyrants were expelled from power and a modern democracy was re-established by the end of the year.
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Unfortunately for Socrates, two of the Thirty Tyrants, Charmides and Critias, had been his close friends. In addition, Socrates' devoted follower, Alcibiades, turned out to be a notorious traitor to both Athens and Sparta in the Peloponnesian War. It is not unreasonable to assume that the Athenian democracy would speculate that Socrates' influence on these men somehow contributed to their immoral actions during and after the Peloponnesian War.
A fourth factor which is less clear-cut is likely to have played a role in his being found guilty by votes out of a jury of