Essay on gas prices 2011

The government seems to have little influence on this market. Apart from taxation of oil firms and control of suppliers in the country, the government does not seem to give much attention to oil prices even after oil prices increased recently. Additionally, the government is not keen on finding other sources of energy and therefore no close substitute to influence the market price of oil Competition, n. In short, this market does have many features of a perfectly competitive market such as free entry and exit of firms in the industry, sale of homogeneous products, firms taking price set by the market, and consumers having full knowledge of the products and prices charged by all firms.

Perfect Competition Essay

Nevertheless, information gap on oil prices for all the firms that do exist in the industry affirms that this kind market model hardly exist in real world. Competition, n. Perfectly Competitive Markets. This essay on Perfect Competition was written and submitted by user Jeremiah Berg to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly.

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If you continue, we will assume that you agree to our Cookies Policy. I think those price points are farther off than most people think. That tells me two things. First, people will continue to drive at much higher prices than we are paying today.

They will just continue to make difficult adjustments and that will continue to take its toll on economic growth. But the more important indicator to me is that renewable energy has not ridden to the rescue in Germany at that price point. That day may come, but once again the response is slow and those prices take their toll on consumers in the interim. On the other hand, those high prices have long influenced decisions in Europe around energy consumption. Europeans have opted for more fuel efficient cars, mass transit, and shorter commutes to work, and as a result European per capita consumption is about half that of the U.

So the price mechanism undoubtedly works. Indeed, it works more effectively than anything else at getting consumers to change behaviors. While consumers do respond to price hikes on fuel, the response lags, often because of a belief that prices will fall back to historical levels. By doing so, many consumers are left with the belief that just as soon as our lawmakers get their hands on those speculators and oil companies fixing prices, or the environmentalists blocking development — they can continue to consume like it was still Source: R Squared Energy Blog. Previous Post. Next Post. The materials provided on this Web site are for informational and educational purposes only and are not intended to provide tax, legal, or investment advice.

Nothing contained on the Web site shall be considered a recommendation, solicitation, or offer to buy or sell a security to any person in any jurisdiction. Discussion Headlines. Shale Output Nears 9 Million Bpd. Oil Sanctions. Employment Data Oil prices rose early on…. Home Energy Oil Prices. Robert Rapier More Info.

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  5. Premium Content. Consumers Respond to Rising Gas Prices As they did during the oil price spike of , consumers are once more demonstrating a response to higher oil prices. First, they simply cut back on driving: Drivers start to cut back on gas as prices rise Across the country, people are pumping less into the tank, reversing what had been a steady increase in demand for fuel. But that story also illustrates that the response to the price signal is generally not fast enough: People are still taking a hit, even as they conserve gas.

    Essay on Gasoline Prices - Words | Major Tests

    Conclusion While consumers do respond to price hikes on fuel, the response lags, often because of a belief that prices will fall back to historical levels. When I started reading this paper, I thought that its author had gone off the deep end. But it contains some valuable observations. The problem though where optimal behavior is concerned is time. The fire can ignite a majority of coals in storage at once. It will then penetrate the surface and create devastating wildfire.

    Essays on Gas Prices

    This fire would release large amounts of CO 2. By contrast, natural gas would not combust on its own. Secondly, natural gas is stored in underground facilities that can hold a great volume at a time. Due to weight and volume, natural gas storage is cheaper than the storages of liquid and mineral in general. Whereas natural gas can be stored in a great variety of facilities, the means to store oil and coal are much restricted. Of course, there is the recent Fukushima Nuclear Plant incident in Japan, from which one could infer the immense costs associating with handling nuclear wastes.

    In particular, the storage of fuel rods, the most radioactive of all nuclear wastes. Crude oil is generally stored and imported in medium sized tanks and pipes. It cannot be sealed within underground formation, as it is a dissolvable liquid substance. Therefore, oil in storage is much restricted in volume. Additionally, oil is far more difficult to transport than natural gas, which is much lighter.

    It requires more labor for crude oil to be injected and pumped from the tanks than for natural gas to be supplied through pipelines. Similarly, coal storage is more expensive than natural gas in that coals have to be manually stored into and delivered from the storage using carts or other vehicles.

    Also, we should store more gas than oil and coal because the unit price of natural gas is cheaper than the prices of the latter two. Such, the demand for natural gas is rising much faster than that of coal and oil. This means that in the near future people will start using more gas, whereby investments in the storage of the gas becomes increasingly economically rewarding. Given the increase of natural gas demand, it is important to make natural gas storage more environmentally friendly and economically efficient.

    One existing proposal from the U. Department of Energy is to somehow to make the facility to chill the natural gas and reduce its volume, which reduces the burdens of constructing a large storage and increases the total capacity. This proposal would work extreme well on salt caverns that are very expensive to construct due to disposing of the leached brine; this would make salt caverns more affordable to areas outside of the gulf coast. To chill, one can freeze the natural gas in the presence of water, and turn it into hydrates.

    The hydrates store natural gas in exceptionally large capacity. It is even proposed that an over cubic feet of natural gas can be stored in one single cubic foot of hydrate. Also, one can expand storages by trying to convert other formations into gas containers. This includes limestone, granite, and sandstone formations that are found at random locations across the country. These can become great substitutes for the locals wherever the three main formations are absent.

    Lastly, we may further invest in privately owned, portable home natural gas tanks.

    We can liquidize the natural gas immediately from the gas field and store it into steel tanks. These containers can serve the users at anytime they want. They can take the tanks on vocations and use them wherever the access to gas is otherwise unavailable. The transportation of natural gas involves a network of interstate and intrastate pipelines that carry gas from the area of production to the end users.

    The network consists of three main systems: the gathering system, the interstate network and the distribution system. The gathering system is a set of low-pressure and low-diameter pipelines that transport raw natural gas to processing plants. The distribution system transports ready-to-use gas to local regions. The diameter of these pipes range from 6 to 48 inches. During distribution, gas travels at pressures from pounds per square inch. This can reduce the amount of gas being transported by up to times. Compression stations are places at intervals of miles along interstate pipelines in order to ensure that the gas remains pressurized, powered by small amounts of the gas being transported.

    The low density of natural gas makes it difficult to transport and store. The natural gas pipelines are economical, but many in North America are close to reaching capacity.

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    This leaves the politicians worrying about potential storages. Pipeline transport is not practical for overseas transport. It is preferred only for distances km overseas and twice that over land. The transportation of LNG requires the building of liquefaction plants. This can be a capital-intensive process. CNG is natural gas stored at pressure. The increased pressure allows large volumes of gas to be contained and transported within a given unit of space. It is necessary to compress natural gas for pipeline transport.

    The density of CNG can be reduced by refrigeration and this allows for greater transportation volume. Though compression and decompression equipments may be cheaper and more economical for smaller unit sizes, the transportation of CNG generally requires over bars of pressure. The transportation of oil is a riskier, and therefore more expensive, undertaking than the transportation of natural gas.

    Much of U. Because of the length of these pipelines, they are difficult to protect, and insurance premiums have been rising, and are thus just as vulnerable as tankers. Maritime insurers have begun to raise rates for tankers in risky waters — for example, premiums for tankers passing through Yemeni waters tripled since the attack in Yemen.